Status and Future Trends in Fiber Optic Cables

The fiber cable is an incredible invention that has revolutionized the information age. The most important factor driving the fiber optic cable market growth is rapidly growing internet traffic worldwide. With increasing proliferation of mobile devices, a number of internet users are on the rapid rise since the past few years. The global fiber optic cable market is anticipated to expand at a 11,18 % CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) from 2018 to, according to the latest report by Market Research Future (MRFR). The increasing demand for high-quality video, audio, and data transmissions is expected to propel market demand. The burgeoning aerospace and automotive sectors will provide future growth opportunities for the market.

The demand for unceasing bandwidth is yielding significant growth in the global fiber optic cables market: fiber optic cable provides a constant, stable and fast internet connection that allows high-speed data transfer with minimal interference. Fiber optic cables and fiber optic strands are rapidly replacing copper cables and other metal wires due to their wide range of advantages over the electrical transmission. Current fiber optic cables provide unsurpassed transmission bandwidths compared to copper wires, coaxial cables, and microwave links, but the speed at which they propagate light is still only seventy percent of the speed and light in vacuum.

However, it should be noted, high installation costs coupled with the complex installation process of fiber cables act as a restraint to the market. Today fiber optic cables have almost obliterated traditional methods of networking, which use metallic wires. The most popular uses of fiber optic cables are:

  • Internet
  • Cable Television
  • Telephone
  • Computer Networking
  • Surgery and Dentistry
  • Lighting and Decorations
  • Mechanical Inspections
  • Military and Space Applications
  • Automotive Industry

In fact, fiber cables are functionally analogous to copper cables:

  • Fiber optic cables consist of one or many optical fibers that carry information encoded in a carrier light wave
  • Copper cables can only transmit a fraction of that some information over a modulated electrical signal, at a much lower speed, and with greater losses

Swiss physicist Daniel Colladon first discovered that water could carry light by total internal reflection in 1840. Thirty years later, Irish physicist John Tyndall demonstrated this by pouring water out of a jug, where the eight curved around following the path of the water. Endoscopes that applied this principle of TIR (Total Internal Reflection) were invented in the 1950s and by 1970, scientists and engineers invented the first fiber optic cable. The first all-optical fiber cables were laid across the Atlantic in 1996. It extended 3500 miles from Tuckerton, New Jersey to Widemouth in England and Penmarch in France. Nowadays all of deep, under-sea fiber cables are all-optical fibers.

The signal carried by an optical fiber can either be of a single wavelength or be split over different wavelengths. The single-mode fibers that are used for single wavelengths applications are a commercially superior choice for long-range fiber optic transmission applications where multi-mode fibers are not compatible in an efficiency, but multi-mode optical fibers are cheaper to manufacture. Multi-mode optical fibers have larger sizes of their cores (greater than 60 μm), and they are a better choice for short-distance, high-speed fiber optic transmission applications under distances of 10 miles.

Optromix offers high-performance, high-quality specialty optical fiber cables that cover the range from UV (180 μm) to the mid-infrared (18 μm) for such applications as environmental sensing, space and military applications, and industrial manufacturing.

If you would like to buy, Optromix special fibers and fiber cables, please contact us at info@optromix.com

 

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